Introduction And Background
Allergies are really common in almost every part of the world. There will be children have a run in with some kind of plant that they’re allergic to. There will be teenagers eating some kind of ingredient they’re allergic to. There will be adults who will scratch and itch to make their allergies worse. Basically, allergy is a reaction the body has towards an antigen or allergen that is foreign and can irritate the skin of the body (in case of skin allergies). There are many different types of allergies but we’ll be discussing Atopic Allergy in this article.
What Is Atopic Allergy?
According to the medical dictionary, Atopic allergy is a hypersensitive reaction against common environment antigens. It may be hereditary although contact with the allergen is important before a reaction can occur in the body. Many physicians consider it to be a mediated IgE reaction, an immunoglobulin in the body. Some also consider that the atopic allergy gene is mostly from the maternal side of the family.
Signs And Symptoms Of Atopic Allergy
People who are suffering from Atopy are have a triangular based symptom which consists of:
• Eczema – A form of atopic dermatitis, it includes dryness which causes a lot of itching and skin rashes that are red, flaking or blistering. There might even be some areas where the skin is suffering from discoloration but that is only temporary and not permanent. However, excessive scratching can result into scarring if one isn’t too careful.
• Hay Fever – This happens due to pollen or dust in the air. It makes the immune system active and triggers immunoglobulin of the body. It’s symptoms usually include excessive sneezing, watery eyes, itchy and red nose and mucus production of the in the inflammation of nasal passages. If a person is even more sensitive towards is than the usual kind, they can even develop rashes. At times the eyelids can swell too but this is not seen to happen in many people.
• Allergic Conjunctivitis – The name itself would make the infected area obvious. This is a form of atopic allergy where the conjunctiva of the eye starts to is inflamed due because of an allergic reaction. The symptoms occur because of histamine which excites the blood vessels and tears are emitted on a large level. Nerve endings are also activated. This can be caused by perfumes, pollen, dust, unusual chemicals and even from using eye drops excessively without consulting a doctor about it.
• Asthma – You must have heard this name before but now you’ll be all confused because you always though asthma was some sort of illness. Wrong. Asthma is an atopic allergy characterized by bronchospasm and difficulty in breathing due to obstruction of air passages. Common symptoms include shortness of breath, a lot of coughing, wheezing and a sore throat (this symptom is uncommon though). There will be those however who will barely experience any symptom but will still have this condition. It is basically caused by environmental factors, mostly air pollution.
Factors Affecting Atopic Allergy
You’ve already read that research shows we get the atopic allergy from our mother’s side. However, that is just genetic. Frequently, it is the environmental factors that are more responsible for causing atopic allergy. There is also the case of where an infant born is constantly raised in a really clean place. His body is not accustomed to any particular immune responses and thus it gets confused between having a normal infectious reaction to allergens and antigens or having an allergic mediated response. This is also one of the common factors affecting atopic allergy where too much cleanliness can also affect the immune system reaction.
How To Avoid Developing Atopic Allergy
Avoiding this is easy. If you know what you’re allergic to, simply avoid it. There will be people who are allergic to the scent and smell of some kind of perfume and some are even allergic to a type of food that can cause atopic allergy in them. It is best to be careful and to avoid these things. In some cases however such as pollen, you cannot really avoid not going out so it is better to be prepared for the reason by consulting a doctor who would prescribe a medication that could make your condition more bearable.
Allergies are a common part of life. One must not think of it as some sort of disease. We’re all allergic to something or the other. There are those unfortunate people who sneeze every time spring comes around and then there are those who cannot eat seafood because of the allergic reaction they have which causes swelling around the face, chin and neck. We all have our allergies and we must all deal with it in our own way.