Everyone has problems with acne and we’ve all tried hundreds of different treatments, unfortunately with so many acne products claiming that they’ll get rid of acne it’s hard to know who to trust. That’s where we aim to help. We’ve researched the TOP acne treatments available on the market so you can make a decision on which acne product to use.
Acne From A to Z: Acne Causes and Treatment
Introduction to acne and background
Acne is one of the commonest, most bothersome and notorious of skin conditions that affect almost every second person in the world at some stage of his / her life either at small or large scale. Acne, in fact, affects all nations, races and genders regardless of their caste, creed, color of geography. The resulting impact is even more troublesome. According to a recent survey done in US, about 25% of adults and 31% of teens surveyed said that acne sometimes keeps them from participating in social activities. It has been. Today, dermatologists have a consensus that only few people survive their teen years without suffering at least an occasional acne break-out. For many, acne continues into their adult years, causing embarrassment and prompting the sufferer to search the cosmetic counters for means to cover the spots.
Definition of acne: Acne can be defined simply as “an inflammatory skin disorder”. The pimples, the redness, the infections, are all visible signs of skin that is inflamed or highly irritated.
Steps in acne development
Acne is a progressive, gradual condition that occurs in various stages, forms and steps such as:
- Mild acne (First stage): Mild acne consists of a few lesions that are close to the surface and not deep or inflamed.
- Moderate acne (Intermediate stage): This stage is marked by deeper nodular lesions that cover more of the face, and some redness.
- Severe acne (Highest stage): Severe acne involves many lesions, multiple cysts, lots of redness and inflammation over most of the face. When severe, it often results in scarring. Squeezing or popping pimples forces the oil and bacteria into deeper layers of skin and can cause cystic acne and scarring.
Risk factors of acne
Following are some of the predisposing risk factors that not only contribute in the development of acne but can also aggravate the existing acne:
Young Age / Teenage: Teenagers are the age group who are most prone to getting this type of acne. But young adults can get it too; they are not out of the group. Teenage is a risk factor for acne mainly because of the rapid changes in the hormonal levels in both girls and boys.
Gender: While acne is common in both genders, women or female gender is more prone to it, again probably due to hormonal changes that occur on monthly / cyclical basis in women.
Stress: Both physical and mental / psychological stress, anxiety and depression can increase the severity of acne. People with busy lifestyle, athletes
Poor personal hygiene: Poor personal hygiene can lead to infection which can, in turn, lead to inflammation. Wearing dirty cloths, not washing hands and face often and long gaps in between taking baths can all contribute to the development of this notorious condition.
Causes of Acne
To get down to actually treating the skin condition, you should first be aware of what is causing it. Treatment often lies in making the causative factor go away or fixing it, thus it is important to realize what could have brought about the breakout of acne.
- Oily Skin: Excess oil on our skin can cause acne because it can lead to clogged pores and clogged pores means pimple formation. There is inflammation and the skin becomes slightly bumpy. It becomes pretty obvious in a little while.
- Infection: Bacteria is another reason for causing acne and a major one at that too. It is the culprit behind cystic acne and most of the creams that we use for fighting it off work by destroying the bacteria that has caused acne in the first place.
- Hormones: Emotional stress, hormonal imbalance and even menstruation in women can cause acne. Pregnant women are prone to acne too and should take extra good care of their skin. This is also due to hormonal imbalance.
- Genetics: Genetics also has a role to play although this role is still being researched. It is highly likely that if your parents have had acne, you will too.
- Medications / Drugs: Even some drugs or medication can cause acne as a side effect. Some drugs like lithium or even thyroid medication are capable of doing so.
- Foods: Foods that are high in fats or iodides cause acne e.g. junk foods.
- Cosmetics: Cosmetics and their extra usage can lead to clogged pores again which can lead to…you got it; acne.
Complications of acne
Acne scars: Those who have acne, if they work at it, will eventually grow out of it but sometimes what gets left behind is acne scarring. Acne scarring can be small bumps or dents or marks that the pimples leave behind even after healing. It can be pretty scarring on life itself because let’s face it, no one wants to have marks on their body and especially on their face.
Lower self-esteem / psychosocial issues: One of the worst possible outcomes with acne is lower self-confidence and reduced self-esteem, a fear or anxiety in facing the society and others. This may impact an individual at unprecedented scale e.g. marriage, relationships, jobs, employment, sports etc.
Treatment of acne
With the advancements in research, clinical and herbal trials, evidence based scientific studies have come up with numerous multi-faceted option that not only treat acne successfully but can actually cure it, provided once uses them for long and regularly. Some of these treatment modalities include:
- Allopathic / medical therapy: This begins with your doctor prescribing certain allopathic drugs to fight off the acne. This can produce rapid results in some cases. However, antibiotics will only work with acne that is caused due to infections / bacteria. Also, every drug has its own side effect or undesirable / adverse events specially after prolong use.
- Natural / herbal therapy: If you want to take things in the natural direction, you need to heal your acne with the natural ingredients that are present. Now, the back skin is relatively less sensitive and tougher than the skin on the face so synthetic is fine too but if you really want to take the natural path, there are plenty of natural, pure 100% organic and botanical supplements that can make your life easier without any complications, side effects or drug interactions. Some of the examples of such natural ingredients include tea tree oil, aloe Vera, vitamin E and green tea.
- Synthetic / chemical therapy: Using synthetic chemicals and ingredients to fight acne works too, don’t think it does not. Benzoyl Peroxide kills the acne bacteria which is again, as mentioned for the tenth time in this article, is what you need to battle in cystic acne. Glycolic acid is what renews the skin, you can search the name on bottles or tubes as well in products that you buy.
- Combination therapy: A combination therapy consists of multiple therapy elements and would often combine both herbal / natural supplements as well as over the counter synthetic. chemical agents. This often brings quick results. However, it may not suit all skin types. Nevertheless, you must give it a try to know if it works for you.
Preventative measures and precautions
When you have acne, you have to be careful with a lot of things and not just the treatment process. In fact, everything you do after that with your skin becomes part of the treatment process. When your skin is acne prone, everything becomes a problem. How you wash your face, what you eat, what you put on your face, it all matters. Following are some steps that you need to be aware of as you strive to treat or prevent yourself from the acne disaster:
You are what you eat: You have to know whether or not what you are eating is appropriate for the skin and whether or not it will worsen the problem. Avoid junk food or too oily, unhealthy stuff.
Use good quality soap and facewash: Your bathroom is filled with a face washes and soap that can battle acne. A mild to moderate soap with no animal fat is also recommended for sensitive skin.
Take care of personal hygiene: Take shower daily. You probably take very good care of your surroundings such as your bed sheets and your towels to make sure that they are not dirty and that no bacteria settle on your skin and worsens the problem.
The bottom line is, you have to be extra careful with acne prone skin and deciding on what cosmetics to use is no different. In fact, you need to be extremely cautious about what cosmetics to use because they are generally filled with chemicals that can prove to be very harsh for your skin.
All in all, fighting acne can be a long and tough war but if you remain strong, steadfast and do what you are supposed to with patience and persistence, the results will make you really happy. But one thing you have to know is that acne does not go away that quickly. There are numerous ways to get rid of acne scarring but you have to be consistent and determined because this is not something that just goes away in two or three days or overnight for that matter. You have to be careful and have to keep reminding yourself that you shouldn’t do anything against your skin and whatever therapy type you are undertaking or whatever remedy you are following, just be consistent in it. Don’t do it for one day and then leave it for a week.
Fortunately, there are now multiple safer and affordable therapies available that not only help treat acne but can also prevent it in the first place. in which you can quicken the pace but it is not something which happens overnight. It does take time because the skin does take its time to heal; there is no doubt about that.